England

Return to Immigrant John Mackenny

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From Carl Boyer's "Ship Passenger Lists, National & New England(1600-1825)": "Early in September 1650 the Scots supporters of Prince Charles lost the battle of Dunbar to Cromwell's English forces, with the resulting loss of thousands of Scots killed and wounded, and thousands more taken prisoner, to be marched to England and then shipped to varying parts of England, Ireland, and the colonies. - - - Early in September 1651 the English forces won another victory over the Scots in the battle of Worcester, and it was prisoners from this battle, not that of Dunbar, who were sent to Boston on board the "John and Sarah", consigned by John Becx and others to Thomas Kemble. - - At any rate, the "John and Sarah" is said to have left the Downes on 8 Dec 1651, arriving in Boston before 24 Feb 1652."
This ship was commanded by Captain John Greene. A list of 278 of these Scotch prisoners who were transported to Boston appeared in the Suffolk County Deeds in Boston, Libre 1, Pages 5 & 6, dated 13 May 1652.

Col. Charles Edward Banks wrote an article, "Scotch Prisoners Deported to New England by Cromwell, 1651-52" on the fate of the deported Scots which was published in "Massachusetts Historical Society Proceedings," Volume 61 [1928].
He published his version of the spelling of these Scotch names listed on that ship roster.. Some of the names as entered into the original Suffolk County record & transcribed in these lists, include the following individuals:
John Mackane (believed to be John Mackenny of Scarborough);
Alester Mackhene; Patricke Mackane, Robert Machane
Robert Mackaine, Daniel Mackaine, Samuell Mackaine, Neile Mackaine, William Mackaine.

Also from Banks' article: "Some of these Scotchmen found their way to Block Island, after being freed, and became a respectable section of the early settlers of that island. Some had worked at Lynn, and others at the branch works in Braintree (Iron works). They must have belonged to the Dunbar contingent.- - - - -It is known that Boston, Charlestown, Cambridge, Dedham, Concord, Hingham, Ipswich, Reading and Salem became the homes of numbers of them, which there is much probability that a few went to Taunton to work in the iron bogs in that town. A few are known to have gone to Connecticut, and as far as New Jersey when they had served their time."

Official histories of the Clans MacKenzie and MacKinnon in Scotland claim that representatives from their clans supported Charles II and participated in the battles of Dunbar & Worcester. The individuals mentioned above, are possibly members of either of these clans, some of them possibly from the MacKenzie clan & perhaps related to John Mackenny. Michael Tepper makes the following observation in his book, New World Immigrants, page 150. "This list is not to be accepted as a true record of their correct names. - - - -many puzzles left by the scribe in his attempts to spell out Clan names of Gaelic origin, spoken in a dialect that defied reproduction in English- --and as a result their names have undergone curious transformations."