Return to Richard & Lydia (Brown) McKenney


INTRODUCTION – Some Origins of McKINNEY (Myths & Reality)



Researcher: Donald Earl McKinney Jr

These notes were compiled from material gathered since 1980 by personal research & correspondence. Original source material will be highlighted below for each entry. As we all know, ancient records from early Maine are typically quite sketchy, incomplete & confusing. Dates & spellings from the old records or depositions could be misleading & were not as precise or properly transcribed compared to accurate modern day record keeping. All “reliable” researchers & authorities (i.e. Noyes, Libby, Davis, etc) over many decades have analyzed & documented all available information & source material. I agree with most of their conclusions & offer my own observations. I highlight in RED the spelling of the names as recorded or transcribed from original records.

I am grateful to other "cousins", also descendants of the Mackenny/McKenney family of Scarborough, Maine, whose research, photographs, stories & oral traditions, along with my own, helped us all gain a better understanding of our family heritage.

I am especially grateful to the late Mervil "Mac" McKenney of Jerome Idaho for his inspiration & wonderful contributions to the information we have gathered over the years concerning our McKenney family in Hawaii, Utah, Wyoming & the ancient ancestors of Maine.
(Mac is a descendant of Richard & Lydia McKenney’s son Andrew Jackson McKenney of Stetson, Maine who settled in Kaneohe, Hawaii during the 1860’s. Mac’s ancestor, Andrew Jr, settled in Utah during the 1880’s & was a brother of my Great-Grandfather Ed McKinney who settled in Wyoming during this time.)

Dorothy (McKenney) Chapman, Scarborough, Maine
(A descendant of Andrew Jackson McKenney’s brother Horace Sullivan McKenney, who left the Newport/Stetson area during the 1860's & settled in Bangor where he died.)

The late Ora Herbert McKenney Jr, who published “Many Maine McKenney Families”
(A descendant of Richard McKenney’s older brother George McKenney, who also settled in the Newport/Stetson area of Penobscot County, Maine)

As a descendant of John & his son Robert/Rebecca of Scarborough, Maine, I had the opportunity to submit my DNA for the McKinney project. Court records & other evidence proves that another McKenney from early Maine named Daniel was NOT descended from or related to John or his son Robert/Rebecca of Scarborough. It is also unknown if Daniel was related to other Mackenny/McKenney families who resided in Maine, New Hampshire or Masachusetts during that era. DNA tests for Daniel’s descendants do not match the tests for me or other descendants of John of Scarborough.
There was only 1 Mackenny/McKenney family in Scarborough during the 1600's/early 1700's---John, his only known son Robert & wife Rebecca & their descendants.

If these notes, or excerpts, are copied, shared with others, published or displayed on the internet, it will be appreciated that proper genealogical etiquette be observed, acknowledging the compiler. Any "legitimate" additions or corrections, etc. will also be greatly appreciated.



John Mackenny, our earliest known ancestor, immigrated to New England in 1652 from Scotland. I originally believed his surname was probably a variant spelling of Mackenzie which was pronounced with a "soft G" & "silent Z" in Gaelic, i.e. “Machkainy or Machkanny, etc”. The clan Mackenzie originated in the 13th Century as MacCoinneach or MacChoinnich which is the original Gaelic version meaning “son of Kenneth”.

Decades after John Mackenny settled in New England, the original Gaelic pronunciation & spelling became used less frequently with the English influence of a "Z" sound which standardized the pronunciation as well as the basic spelling of the MacKenzie clan name in Scotland, America, Canada & elsewhere.

It is not known for sure if his name was derived from Mackenzie. It could have been derived from any similar sounding name, i.e. Mackane, Mackean, MacIan, Mackinnon etc.

He is believed by most researchers & authorities to be the man listed as John Mackane on a ship passenger list of Scottish prisoners of war who were transported to New England in 1652. (See below) As most authorities noted, nearly every name on this list was transcribed and spelled inaccurately, mostly because of the strong Gaelic accents of the men stating their names to the record keepers. The phonetic renditions became quite distorted in that early ship record.

That spelling of Mackane led Dorothy McKenney Chapman, another descendant of John Mackenny to consider the possibility that his name was Mackane, a variant form of MacIan or Mackean, associated with 2 of branches of the ancient Clan Donald or Macdonald. This is quite possible & Dorothy joined the Clan Donald Society in an attempt to learn more. My recent DNA testing resulted in close matches with several individuals named MacDonald, indicating a possible ancient connection to clan Donald & may help support that theory. (See DNA info below)

The actual clans with which John Mackenny may have been associated or from which clan his original family surname was derived may never be known. However, he was undoubtedly from the highlands of Scotland & his ancient paternal ancestors were Irish warriors from Gaelic Celt tribes called the “Scots” (Scotti), who began their invasion/settlement of what is now the highlands & isles of western Scotland sometime around the 5th century A.D. These Irish "Scots" gave Scotland its name, also bringing with them the Gaelic language & Celtic traditions such as bagpipes, kilts, etc as well as the Mac prefix (meaning "son of") used later during the 13th & 14th centuries in the development of surnames & the clan system in Scotland.

I recently had a Y-Chromosome 64 marker DNA test that traces the DNA markers of my father’s paternal direct line. These markers are passed directly from father to son & remain basically unchanged for thousands of years except for small periodic mutations that can occur within haplotype clusters through the centuries. Analysis & various interpretations from DNA researchers of markers similar to mine identified a particular “Scots modal” pattern most common in the highlands. Our DNA markers closely match the haplogroup markers associated with those ancient Gaelic Celt warrior tribes, the “Dalriada Scots” (Scotti) from Ireland. These ancient Irish Celts had already established a kingdom of Dalriada in the extreme northeast part of Ireland which would be present day Antrim in Ulster. Late in the 5th Century they also established Dalriada in Argyll located in the highlands & isles of western Scotland. During the 9th Century, these “Scots” eventually united with the aboriginal “Picts” who had established themselves in the northern part of Scotland many centuries before the Irish “Scots“ arrived. Some researchers believe the “Picts” were of ancient Brythonic Celt origin. Scotland was eventually named for the Irish “Scots”.

Our DNA markers do not closely match the other Gaelic or Brythonic Celt groups found in Scotland & Ireland or the Norse Viking, Teutonic Angles or Norman tribes who also invaded & settled in those areas long after the arrival of the Celtic tribes. For centuries, all of these various tribes were constantly at war with each other, however there was also inter-marriage as they all adopted the Gaelic customs of the Celtic “Scots“. It seems quite possible some of John Mackenny’s female ancestors were from those other groups, but there is no maternal DNA test to confirm it.
(Note: These ancient "Irish tribes, the "Scots", should not be be confused with the "Scots-Irish/Ulster-Scots" who settled in Ulster Northern Ireland from Scotland during England's resettlement & "replantation" of Ulster during the 17th Century. However, many of the modern day people of Scotland, Ireland, Ulster & Wales share an ancient Celtic heritage.)

Some descendants from Maryland during the late 1800's (mentioned in Underhills’s book) claimed that John Mackenny of Scarborough, Maine was from the Isle of Skye, Inverness, Scotland, in the western highlands, however, no documented evidence can be found. Skye was a stronghold of the MacKinnon Clan as well as some of the Macdonalds of Clan Donald but not MacIan/Mackean from that clan who were in Ardnamurchan & Glencoe of the western highlands. The Mackenzie Clan had a large stronghold in the Inverness area east of Skye on the mainland. During the 1600’s, families associated with Mackenzie, Mackinnon, MacIian/Mackean (Macdonald/Donald) as well as other clans most likely drifted into various other areas outside of their traditional strongholds. It seems likely our John Mackenny resided somewhere in the western highlands/isles, however, it is possible that he or his family drifted into other areas. Since the “paper trail” has all dried up for this era, the specific area of Scotland where he resided may never be proven. Perhaps further DNA testing & analysis of other highland descendants of the various clans will established more cluster groupings & subclades which may provide more substantive clues to John Mackenny‘s clan affiliation or his specific area of residence in Scotland prior to his removal to Boston in 1652.

Original source material concerning him is very limited and quite sketchy. He is believed by most descendants as well as the foremost New England genealogical researchers to be the immigrant ancestor who was a soldier in the Scottish revolutionary army that attempted to place their own Charles II on the throne of Great Britain as the rightful heir of the Stuart monarchy. The Scottish army was defeated by the military dictator, Oliver Cromwell, and the English forces after the battles of Dunbar & Worcester. Many of these Scotsmen were taken prisoner & transported to New England during the early 1650's.

John Mackenny was transported to Boston, Massachusetts in 1652 after he & other Scots were captured at the Battle of Worcester.

From Carl Boyer's "Ship Passenger Lists, National & New England(1600-1825)": "Early in September 1650 the Scots supporters of Prince Charles lost the battle of Dunbar to Cromwell's English forces, with the resulting loss of thousands of Scots killed and wounded, and thousands more taken prisoner, to be marched to England and then shipped to varying parts of England, Ireland, and the colonies. - - - Early in September 1651 the English forces won another victory over the Scots in the battle of Worcester, and it was prisoners from this battle, not that of Dunbar, who were sent to Boston on board the "John and Sarah", consigned by John Becx and others to Thomas Kemble. - - At any rate, the "John and Sarah" is said to have left the Downes on 8 Dec 1651, arriving in Boston before 24 Feb 1652."

This ship was commanded by Captain John Greene. A list of 278 of these Scotch prisoners who were transported to Boston appeared in the Suffolk County Deeds in Boston, Libre 1, Pages 5 & 6, dated 13 May 1652. This list was later printed in the 1847 publication New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Vol 1 pages 377-380 entitled "Scotch Prisoners sent to Massachusetts in 1652 by order of the English Government".

Samuel Gardner Drake also printed this list in his book entitled "Result of Some Researches among the British Archives for information relative to the Founders of New England“ (1858-1860)

Col. Charles Edward Banks wrote an article, "Scotch Prisoners Deported to New England by Cromwell, 1651-52" on the fate of the deported Scots which was published in "Massachusetts Historical Society Proceedings," Volume 61 [1928]. He published his version of the spelling of these Scotch names listed on that ship roster.. Some of the names as entered into the original Suffolk County record & transcribed in these lists, include the following individuals: John Mackane (believed to be John Mackenny of Scarborough); Alester Mackhene; Patricke Mackane, Robert Machane Robert Mackaine, Daniel Mackaine, Samuell Mackaine, Neile Mackaine, William Mackaine.

Official histories of the Clans Mackenzie, Mackinnon & clan Donald/Macdonald in Scotland claim that representatives from their clans supported Charles II and participated in the battles of Dunbar & Worcester. The individuals mentioned above, are possibly members of either of these clans, some of them perhaps MacIian/Mackean from the Clan Donald/Macdonald.

Michael Tepper makes the following observation in his book, New World Immigrants, page 150. "This list is not to be accepted as a true record of their correct names. - - - -many puzzles left by the scribe in his attempts to spell out Clan names of Gaelic origin, spoken in a dialect that defied reproduction in English- --and as a result their names have undergone curious transformations."

He is believed to have served his 7 year indenture in the Boston area, then settled in the Scarborough & the Saco Valley area of southern Maine which was then a province of Massachusetts. He was married in Scarborough about 1668, however, the actual name of his wife has never been determined.

As mentioned above, he most likely pronounced his name with a strong Gaelic accent, his name must have been very difficult to transcribe by the various records keepers in New England & Maine. It was "phonetically" spelled in the various records as Mackeny/Mackshane/Mackane/Mackany/Machanny/Mechenne/Markany & even odd transcriptions such as Mackshawine, Mackemich, Macham, Mackerral/Macral.

The various spellings are also a result of other transcriptions of difficult to read handwriting of the original record takers.

Succeeding generations later dropped the a in Mac, using the abbreviated version of Mc & standardized the name to McKenney, the spelling now used by most Maine descendants. The practice of using the abbreviated version of Mc became quite common in Scottish, Irish & Scots-Irish/Ulster-Scots families whose surnames began with Mac, including those families who immigrated to America, Canada, Australia & elsewhere.

From: National Park Service, "An Incomplete List of Scottish Prisoners of War Sent to New England in 1650
According to Colonel Banks' 1927 paper presented to the Massachusetts Historical Society, in the aftermath of the Battle of Dunbar, 900 Scots were to be sent to Virginia. Another 150 prisoners were sent to New England aboard the Unity through Joshua Foote and John Becx, owners of the Saugus (Lynn) and Braintree (Quincy) Iron Works. There is no known passenger list for the Unity. On April 2, 1651 an account appears in the Iron Works Papers for "a weeckes Dyett to ye 7th of 61 Menn" By June 9, 1651 the Iron Works has 38 Menn remaining on these rolls. The rolls continue to dwindle as these indentured workers are sold to others. The only surviving list of Scots by name is in the 1653 Iron Works inventory. It lists 35 names. As a result, the following Scots are known to have worked at the Iron Works. John Archbell, John Banke----James Mackall, John Mackshane, William Mackwater, John MacMallen----(note: many others). In addition to the Scots listed above, there were many more Scots in New England that arrived on the Unity. Some of them went through the Iron Works and may have even worked with or for Iron Works employees. James Adams, Archibald Anderson, Robert Dunbar, ?????? Davison (died just before or shortly after arrival), James Hage, Robert MacIntire, Alexander MacMallen, James Moore, John Paul.
To complicate matters further, another 270 Scots were sent to America one year later on the John and Sarah following the Battle of Worcester. That list is fairly complete although some names are not readable. Many times it is difficult to sort out Scots from the John and Sarah from the Unity. Were there other boats? Who were the Scots sent to Virginia? We will never know all of them."

From “Scots at Hammersmith” by Stephen P. Carlson (Saugus Ironworks material)
"Some Scots had worked at Lynn and others at the branch work in Braintree. Lynn Plantation at Hammersmith [the name of ironworks at Lynn---
James Mackall, John Mackshane, and Thomas Tower became forge hands under the tutelage of John Vinton, John Turner, JR, and Henry Leonard and Quentin Pray, respectively.
He may have lived with farm manager Daniel Salmon & in 1653 he lived with firer John Turner Jr. from whom he learned the forge workers trade. In June 1653 he was fined by Magistrate Robert Bridges for two oaths. He later moved to Salem where he took the oath of Fidelity 1677."

From: Hammersmith Through the Historical Texts by Janet Regan and Curtis White.
Scots James Adams, George Darling, Malcolm Maccallum, John Mackshane, and John Pardee ran the ironworks farming operation.”

(Don’s note: Most researchers believe this , John Mackshane was the same individual listed as John Mackane (mentioned above) onboard the John & Sara, transported to Boston in 1652 after the Battle of Worcester. It seems likely Scots from both the battles of Dunbar & Worcester worked at the various Iron Works near Boston.)
(Dorothy McKenney Chapman is attempting to locate more information concerning the Iron Works. In my last correspondence with her she stated: "we should take a day trip there to visit the Scotch House and review their records. We have seen John listed as a "Nailer" somewhere in the Lynn and Braintree ventures.")

From Everett Stackpoles original notes , John Mackshane was among the 35 scots at Lynn Iron works 1654
John Mackshame was fined for two oaths at salem court 30:4:1:1653 ( probably mass hist coll)

(Don’s note: probably Mackshanne. I have seen numerous transcribed records where 2 n’s looked like m.)

The early records for Scarborough & southern Maine are quite sketchy but MOST records clearly show that John of Scarborough was Mackenny with various phonetcally transcribed versions & emphasis of a strong E or Y at the end of the name. As mentioned above, the various spellings are also a result of transcriptions of difficult to read handwriting of the original record takers. His name was spelled with a Y ending as early as 1665 (Mechanny) & Mackanny in 1668.

1657 or 1659: John Macham Scarboro, drunk & fighting with Duncan Chisholm.
(From “Genealogical Dictionary of Maine & New Hampshire” by Noyes, Libby, Davis with footnote McKenney---1659 per their Chisholm narrative)
(Don’s note: Probably really Machanne or Machanny, etc)

1663: John Makshawne & Samuell Cheever witnessed a deed of 100 acres of “upland & meddowe” between Richard Foxwell Senr in “ ye Towne of Scarborough alis Blew Point“ & Christopher Peckett --23d of February 1663
(York Deeds Vol 2 pg 54-55)

1665: Maine Province and Court Records, 2:207: "Att a Court houlden at Sacoe by the Justices of the peace appoynted by speciall Commission from the Right Honorable Sir ROBERT CARR Knight, Collonell GEO. CARTWRIGHT & SAMUELL MAVERICKE Esquire, for the province of Mayn this 7th day of November, 1665, In the seaventeenth yeare of our Soveraign Lord the King. “Mr. Nathaniell Philllips is plaintiffe as Atturney for Kenny Mechanny of Boston In an Action of debt Contra John Mechanny defendant. The Jury finds for the plaintiffe nine pounds, 1s, 9d, damages 5s & Cost of Court."

1668: From York County Deeds, Book 4, Page 40, dated 1 Aug 1668, Joshua Scottow conveyed land at "Blacke Poynt- - -bounded on the west with Christiphr Peckitt's & John Mackanny's line."

From "Descendants of Edward Small & Allied Families" by Lora A.W. Underhill
"- - - -The land belonging to Captain Scottow consisted of the "Cammock Patent" and seven hundred and fifty acres bordering upon it, together with all his houses, fishing-houses, cattle, etc., which Scottow had purchased from Henry Joselyn had leased portions of it to "divers persons," who later "had leases made unto them by the said Scottow." From these premises it is safe to conclude that "John Mackenny", who lease from Scottow was dated "1668", may have been a tenant of Jocelyn previous to that year. His lease of fourteen acres from Scottow, in which is "family" is mentioned as consisting of one, show that he was still unmarried.- - - - This family of Mackenny, or Mackenney, modernized McKenney, and almost invariably appearing in the early records with the Scotch prefix "Mac", has been held by the Maine branch to be of Scottish origin, though regarded Irish by several authorities; but the Maryland descendants go still further, claiming that their first ancestor, whom they supposed to have been John, of Scarborough, was from the Isle of Skye, County Inverness, Scotland."
(Don's note: I have found no evidence that John came from the Isle of Skye. All we have is this mention of a Maryland “family tradition”--whoever they were.)

1670: Child of John Mackenny and Mrs Mackenny:
Robert, born Abt 1670 in Scarborough(York) ME; died 22 Jul 1725 in Scarborough(York) ME; married Mrs Rebecca Sparks, 1 Dec 1692 in Portsmouth NH.
Sources for Children of John Mackenny:
“Genealogical Dictionary of Maine & New Hampshire” by Noyes, Libby, Davis
“Saco Valley Settlements” by G. T. Ridlon, Sr.
"Descendants of Edward Small & Allied Families" by Lora Underhill
“Many Maine McKenney Families” by Ora Herbert McKenney Jr

(Don's note: There is no record of Robert's birth which is estimated between 1670-1675. It seems likely he was born closer to 1670 rather than 1675 since he was married late in the year 1692.)

From "History of Gorham" (Maine) by Hugh D. McLellan, page 657, "The family of McKenney is of Scotch origin. It is claimed that the name is only another form of McKenzie, and that the McKenneys are a branch of that clan. It seems probable, that John McKenney, who was in Scarborough as early as 1668, and who was the first of the name of whom we have certain record in this part of the country, is identical with John Mackanne, whose name is found in a list of Scotch prisoners captured at the battle of Dunbar, and who came to America about 1651."
(Don’s Note: Actually, he was on a list from the Battle of Worchester, came to America 1652)

The deed transaction, mentioned above, was printed in the Maine Historical and Genalogical Recorder, vol I, Page 193, entitled "Scarborough Land Grants, 1663". Other neighbors of John Mackenny who leased land from Scottow in 1668 were Samuel Oakman 50 acres, Peter Hindson 33 acres, Richard Moore 12 acres, Christopher Busset 16 acres & Ambrose Boaden junr 26 acres.

1673: Also from the York County Deed records, Book 4, dated 12 Jan 1673 is the following: "John Mackanny purchased of Robert Jordan a tract of land on the Nonsuch River near Chessemores Hill."

From Bodge's book conerning the Indian wars:
1676: --“Scottow was very angry with Mackshawine for saying that Captaine Winscoll & his company were all cutt off, telling him though some might be killed and the rest ffled yet it might be to gain y advantage of ground as it proved---”. From Bodges “Soldiers in King Phillips War” pg 334

1676: John Makenny signed a petition in October 1676 circulated among the settlers of Scarborough defending Capt Scottow who was under some local criticism concerning his actions during the Indian wars of that area. From Bodges "Soldiers in King Phillips's War" pg 334.

1676: Nov 19, 1676 "drove cattle for John Macshawin inhabitant of Sacho" journal of Capt. Joshua Scottow. From Bodges “Soldiers in King Phillips War” pg 331

1677: "John Markany was listed on a roster dated Sep 1677 as among those credited with active service under Captain Scottow at the Black Point garrison. From Bodges “Soldiers in King Phillips War” pg 339

From Bodges "Soldiers in King Philips's War" .
"Whereas Mr Scottow of Boston Stood by us in all our streights and distresses during the late Warr with the Indians and not only encouraged us with his presence from April until January last, but alsoe releived us with a barrell of powder and all sorts of ammunition as it cost him in Boston near to twenty pounds for which he is not yet paid, - - - - -and your petitioners shall further humblie pray for your honors peace and prosperity.
John Makenny ,Henry Jocelyn, Ambrose Bouden, John Libby Sr,- - - -" (several others, 27 citizens in all)

Again from Underhill's book: "With the renewal of Indian hostilities, all differences were removed, since on August 1, 1677, among those credited with active service under Captain Scottow were "John Markany," "Ambrose Boden," John Tenney, Thos. Cummings, Richd Honywell, the Libby's, Andrew & John Brown & others."

From “Genealogical Dictionary of Maine & New Hampshire” by Noyes, Libby, Davis:
“McKenney, the Scotch prisoners may account for this family, which has also been consid. Irish.- - - - -
JOHN, Scarboro, - - - - - - In 1675 (deed antedated to 1 Aug 1668) Joshua Scottow confirmed to him 14 a. at Black Point, 1 a. of it adj. to his home - - - - As a refugee Salem aided him in 1677-8 and paid in 1679 for carrying the fam. to Black Point, where in 1681 he had a goodly amt. of livestock.”

During King Philip’s War, an official casuality list indicates our ancestor, John Mackenny, was wounded thru the chest & back at Black Point near Scarborough during an ambush of 90 settlers in 1677. He and about 50 survivors escaped to the fort at Garrison Cove. Later, John Mackenny & other wounded men were transported to Salem along with the wives & children of the settlers. When Indian hostilities appeared to taper off in 1679, John moved his family back to Black Point. However, during the Indian wars of the next decade, the settlers were forced to defend themselves during periodic attacks.

From “Genealogical Dictionary of Maine & New Hampshire” by Noyes, Libby, Davis:
“McKenney, John, Scarboro, - - - - - - - As a refugee Salem aided him in 1677-8 and paid in 1679 for carrying the fam. to Black Point, where in 1681 he had a goodly amt. of livestock.”

"The Battle at Moore’s Brook, Scarborough, Maine, June 29, 1677 by Sumner Hunnewell"
Originally published in two parts in the May 2003 and August 2003 issues of The Maine Genealogist.
"John McKenney------Although he got into a row with Captain Scottow, the owner of the garrison, McKenney supported the captain while others in the town spoke against him. McKenney and his family fled the war and became refugees in Salem.- - - - - - -
John McKenney was shot through the breast and back, and was sent back to Salem where his family waited for him. There they stayed until the town paid to have them returned to Black Point in 1679."
(Don’s note: Dorothy McKenney Chapman, a descendant of my GG-Grandfather Andrew’s brother Horace Sullivan McKenney advised me of this article during my 2003 visit with her in Scarborough.)

"Honord: Sr._ :Salem: the: 4th:July 1677.—
Undrstanding, pr doctor Barton, tht yor: honoer desires, & Expected, to receiue a pticular acctt. of the mens names tht are wounded, as alsoe the place they belong to, wth the manner of their wounds, haue accordingly, made Inquiry, & Sent you acctt as followeth—
Daniell: Dike: of Milton : through the Arm boan Splintrd
Ben : Rockett of Medfield . two Shots In thigh
Jacob: parker of Chensford: shott through the shouldr.
Tho: Dutton of Bellricke: shott In the knee & belly
Jno: Mechenne, of Blackpoint: throug the brest & back
James Veren of Salem: Through the upr: part of thigh
Anthony waldern Salem: In the neck
Morgan: Joanes of Newberry: through the thigh—
Caleb : pilsberry of Newberry: In the back
Israell Hunewell of Ipswich In the Legg & Shoulder"

From the files of the SALEM Commissioners' court, Dec 5 1677, at Salem:
"Hana, wife of John Mason, was fined or to be whipped for drunkenness, and abusing by words and offering to strike Hen. West, a tithingman. Richard West deposed that he heard an outcry at Mason's house, " the Rogue will Kill me," and going in found it was John Meckene who was much in drink. Peeter Joy was there and Goody Mason, all drunk, and Joy, after the uproar, owned that he struck Mekene twice. Henry West testified that Mr. Samuell Gardner came along looking for his man and they went in together, whereupon Goody Mason tried to strike him with an andiron, call- ing " thou West, thou Harry, thou Deuill," several times. Someone took the andiron away from her and then she took up a chair. She was very much in drink, not being able to stand upon her legs, but fell down. Mackene and one Humphry Wilhams were also observed to be much in drink. Urged by Mr. Gardner to do his duty as tithingman, deponent requested assistance of Joy, as he appeared to be the soberest, but he refused. Sworn in court. Constable Samuell Beadle, Jon. Cook and Walter Skiner deposed that they saw John Makene drunk that day. Goody Mason's bill of cost. John Bly mentioned.
Peeter Joy, for refusing to assist Hen. West, tythingman, for drinking, and striking Mackene, was fined, which Mr. Hasket was to pay."

1677--John Mackshane took Oath of Fidelity (SALEM)
(Essex County Records 7 Files Vol.VII.)

1678-- John Mackshane
(History of of Salem Mass Military by Sidney Perley--Vol. 111 1671-1716)
(Don’s note: This was evidently soon after being wounded during the first Indian hostilities of 1677 & had to relocate his family to Salem for a couple of years before returning to Scarborough in 1681.

1680: John Mackeral listed on Major Shapleigh’s Petition to the council in London. From “Genealogical Dictionary of Maine & New Hampshire” by Noyes, Libby, Davis with footnote McKenney
(Don’s note: n was probably written or transcribed as r)

1681: Jo. Markenney listed as resident of Scarborough-22 Sep.
(Scarborough Town Records)

1681: John Macrell was listed on Scarborough Tax List of 28 Nov 1681 Town Book P. 7 as owing 4
(Noyes, Libby & Davis suggest this was John McKenney)

1683: From “Maine Historical & Genealogical Recoder“ Vol 7, pg 80
Elisha Hutchinson of Boston in behalf by himself and (ye heirs of) Mehetabell Warren Claims a certain plantation Situat at Black Point als, Scarborough containing twenty five acres of land in one parcell, and ten acres more of upland and woodland near adjoining in another parell bound by ye land of Peter Henchman with marked trees at the North East by ye land of John Mackanny on the west and by a Swamp run ing by M’ Joshua Scottows-----Delivered ye 18th day of Decembr 1683

1690: John Mackenny & his family evidently moved to Portsmouth, New Hampshire during King William’s War. Indian attacks had again become overwhelming & all settlers were forced to move to the relative safety of New Hampshire, Massachusetts or other areas in southern Maine.
(From "History of Scarborough"----“In 1690, the town was abandoned due to Native American uprisings, with inhabitants going to Portsmouth and other settlements further south.”
Underhill, pg 497: 'The destruction of Falmouth May 15, 1690, was the signal for a general retreat of the inhabitants of Scarborough & they wisely resolved to save their lives by flight. A letter from Portsmouth, NH under the date of May 22, 1690, stated that three or four hundred people, mostly women & children, had arrived in that town from the settlements along the Maine coast."

1692: While in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, John’s son, Rob: Mac-Kenney married widow Rrbec: Sparkes Dec. 1, 1692.
(From "Dover, New Hampshire V ital Records, 1686-1850" Dover Historical Society--Marriages by Rev. John Pike 1686-1709)
(Don's note: It appears Rebecca was the widow of Thomas Sparkes of the Portsmouth area who witnessed a 1683 deed in Kittery & also purchased some land 1685 in Cape Elizabeth. Noyes, Libby, Davis state that Rebecca after her marriage to Robert Mackenny set aside a tract of land for son Henry in 1732 next to the Thomas Sparkes house in Cape Elizabeth. Henry did eventually move to Cape Elizabeth.

From York Co Deeds, Book IV, page 3: "I William Goodhue Senior, of Ipswich In New England in the County of Essex Mrchant--authorized, my well beloved frejnd Joseph Hammonds of Kittery, In the Province of Mayne Carpenter, to bee my true sufficient & lawfull Atturney,----to Enter into all y' house & Land, that came unto mee by way of Morgage, from William Oliver of the ysles of shoales, scituate, & lijng & being in the province of Mayne in Kittery aforesayd, at a place called Tompsons Poynt, abbutting upon Pischataqua River---this 3d day of Decemb' 1683 : William Goodhue--- Thomas Wade, Thomas Sparke, Samell Appleton Assistant"

From Noyes,Libby,Davis in the Thomas Sparks narrative: "One Rebecca, wid., married Robert McKenney (5) at Dover in 1692. In 1732 land was laid out to their s. Henry McK out of the land deeded by Mr Fryer to Mr Hollicomb; (Thomas) Sparks' old ho. was nearby."

From York Deeds, Book IV, page 38: "Know all men by these Presents, that I Clement Swett of Cape Elizabeth fisherman, In ye Province of Mayne, haue barganed sould Enfeofled & Confirme unto Thomas Sparke now rescident at Cape Elizabeth, for & in Consideration of Twenty foure pounds, well & truely to mee in hand paycl, before ye signeing & sealeing hereof, a tract of Land vidz' upland, lijng & being on Cape Elizabeth, to the valew of Twenty Acres more or less----togeather with one single dwelling house standing----To have & to hould the sd Tract according to ye limitts & bounds above expressed, to the soole & proper vss of Thom Sparks his heyres executors Administrators & Assignes for Ever---A true Coppy of this Instrument aboue written transcribed & with the originall Compared this 27th day of May 1685"

Sources for Parents & Children of Robert I & Rebecca:
“Genealogical Dictionary of Maine & New Hampshire” by Noyes, Libby, Davis
“Saco Valley Settlements” by G. T. Ridlon, Sr
"Descendants of Edward Small & Allied Families" by Lora Underhill
“Many Maine McKenney Families” by Ora Herbert McKenney Jr

Children of Robert I and Rebecca Sparks are:
i. John, born 7 Dec 1693 in Wells(York) ME; married Margaret Wright 1728 in Scarborough(York) ME.
ii. Hannah, born 15 Jul 1695 in Wells (York) ME; married Robert Foye(1) 1717; married William Groves(2)1723/24
iii. Robert II, born Abt 1700 in York Co ME; died 6 Feb 1757 in Scarborough(York) ME; married Margaret Jameson 1 Apr 1727 in Scarborough(York) ME.
iv. Isaac, born Abt 1702 in York Co ME; married Elizabeth Drisco 1 Apr 1731 in Scarborough(York) ME.
v. Henry, born Abt 1709 York Co ME; died before 1782 Cape Elizabeth, ME; married Sarah Hanscom 15 Mar 1728/29 Scarborough, ME
vi. Rebecca, born Abt 1710 in York Co ME; died 27 Dec 1793 in Scarborough, ME; married Daniel Burnham Mar 1726/27 in Scarborough(York) ME;

1693: Evidently, the entire family moved to Wells (York County) Maine where Robert & Rebecca’s first 2 children, John & Hannah, were born.
Wells Vital Records, Robert and Rebecca McKenney's children are listed as John (7 Dec 1693) and Hannah (15 Jul 1695).

(Don's note: A deposition in 1752 Scarborough is cited in Libby,Noyes,Davis concerning John, listed as a son of Robert: John stated in this deposition that he was about 68+ which suggests a birth date of about 1684. It may have been age 58 in the original record & transcribed incorrectly. I have seen too many instances when individuals themselves stated their ages incorrectly, either by mistake or just fibbing--then of course the record keepers sometimes misinterpreted or wrote it down wrong and/or later transcribed incorrectly. John was married March 1728 in Scarborough, making him 34 years old since he was born in Dec 1693. There is no record of a previous marriage for him.)

1690’s: While residing in the Wells or Kittery area: "Wee present Robert Mackeny for not frequenting the public worship of God. ...
Rob Makeny appearing to answer his presentment for not frequenting the public worship of God is for his offense admonished and to pay fees of Court 6s. ...
1696/7 Wells: Rebeckah Mackanney the wife of Robert Mackanney for not frequenting public worship of God upon the Lords Day."
(York Co Deeds, Vol 4 & 5 by Maine Historical Society)
(Allen., "Province and Court Records of Maine", York County, Maine)

1693: From York Deeds Nov 1693 book X fol. 74--deed description "Some part of ye land os ye sd Hickson and some part upon the land of John Mackemeck otherwise called John Mackerill"
(Noyes, Libby, Davis suggest this was John Mackenny)

1697: Court Records--Wells, York County, ME--April 1697
Mackanay, John
Index Number 605386//Court SESS
Volume/Page NR//Box/File 2-4
Drowned in the Ogunquit River because of his unacquaintance with the river.
(Don’s note: This was during the period after the Indian hostilities of 1690 when John Mackenny moved his family (along with many other families) to Portsmouth NH & the southern area of York Co Maine near Kittery & Wells.)

1698: Robert Mackenny was in Boston per Noyes, Libby, Davis

1702-1703: ROBERT may have returned to Scarborough during the 2d settlement to claim his father JOHN‘s estate. If ROBERT was indeed in Scarborough for the 2d settlement, he & the other men abandoned the town again for another dozen or so years because of Indian hostilities. Robert would have returned to the “relative” safety of the Kittery or Portsmouth area where his family still resided.
("Descendants of Edward Small & Allied Families" by Lora Underhill pg 343--"Robert McKenney, the only son to John McKenney of whom we have authentic information, was married in 1692, at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, to the widow Rebecca Sparks. He is said to have returned to Scarborough at the time of the second settlement of the town, and to have taken possession of his father's estate on the Nonsuch River; but the precise date of this settlement is unknown. Some place it in the fall of 1702, or the spring following.)

1705: Robert Mackenny was in Sagamore Creek (Portsmouth)--Kittery in 1707 & York in 1718 per Noyes, Libby, Davis
(Don’s note: Descendants of Daniel Mackenny (unrelated) born in Kittery ca 1706 have original documentation that places Robert on the North Side of Spruce Creek in Kittery in 1707, 1714)

From "History of Scarborough"--From A Gazetteer of the. State of Maine By Geo. J. Varney Published by B. B. Russell, 57 Cornhill, Boston 1886 By October, 1676 Scarborough, a town with three settlements of more than 100 houses and 1,000 head of cattle, had been destroyed -- some of its people killed and others taken captive by Native Americans. These settlers tried repeatedly to rebuild but peace was impossible. In 1690, the town was abandoned due to Native American uprisings, with inhabitants going to Portsmouth and other settlements further south.
The second settlement of Scarborough is regarded as dating to 1702. A fort was erected on the western shore of Garrison Cove, Prout's Neck. Other stockades were at Spurwink and Blue Point. The Hunnewell House was known as the “outpost for the defense of Black Point.” Richard Hunnewell, and eighteen other men were killed in 1703 at Massacre Pond. This incident took place after peace negotiations had been made.

1714 The estate of Joseph Wilson of Kittery on page 46 of York Co probate records a debt owed to "Robert Mocaney" (and others) in 1714.

1717 Robert’s daughter Hannah marries Robert Foye from No. Spruce Creek, Kittery.

(Don’s note: Robert & Rebecca‘s daughter Hannah was born 1695 in Wells, married Robert Foye in Kittery & remained in Kittery when her parents & siblings returned to Scarborough sometime around 1720. Hannah married William Groves after her husband Robert Foye died & they moved to Wiscasset Point in 1731. Daniel Mackenny (unrelated), born ca 1706 Kittery, was in Berwick during this time but coincidentally also moved to Montsweag in the Pownalborough/Wiscasset area around 1750.
Tracy Blagden made the following comments in “In an old Wiscasset record, Robert Foye states that he and his step father, William Groves, came to Wiscasset Point in 1731. They found only one other white man, Mr. Hooper. For some time they were they only white men on the point.--William Groves was a French Huguenot. He came to Pownalborough, Maine in 1731, probably from Kittery, Maine. He was one of the first to this area. William's name appears often in the records of Pownalborough and he was allotted Lot #1 in the division of lands.”)

1718 October 1 1718 to October 1 1719 Robert rented a house from John Hinckes.
(Contributed by Descendants of Daniel Mackenny (unrelated), born ca 1706 Kittery. Thise rental house was in Portsmouth, NH or nearby New Castle, NH.)

1718: Robert Mackeeny (Makonney) did inventory for estate of Joseph Whinnick (Winnock) of Blackpoint. 25 Mar 1718)

1720: "Robert Mackeny" appeared on a list of Scarborough proprietors dated 22 June 1720.
When hostilities lessened in 1713 or 1714, the former inhabitants of Scarborough began returning. Some men, including Robert Mackenny, most likely traveled back & forth to Scarborough from southern Maine & NH without their families several times during that 1703-1720 period. When they felt safe, they brought their families back. In 1720, town meetings were re-established, roads were laid out, a church organized, a school master hired, and forts and garrison houses were built nearer together, however, Scarborough was sparsely populated for many years.
(Don’s note: During the years 1718-1720, Robert Mackenny appeared in various records for both Scarborough & the Kittery/Portsmouth area since he had interests in all of those places. It is possible there was another unrelated Robert in the Piscataqua area of Maine & New Hampshire during this time but it seems unlikely there was another unrelated Robert in sparsely populated Scarborough during its struggle for resettlement.)

From William D. Williamson's History of the State of Maine, Vol 2: ”Scarborough, prior to 1714, had been without inhabitants for about ten years… In December, 1719, a town meeting was holden, and the next year the records, which had been preserved in Boston, were safely returned; the number of families resettled at that time being about thirty.”

1720: John Mackeney of Kittery was sued for debt by John Hinckes of “New Castle” in a York County Maine Court action--19 Sep 1720. His name was spelled “Meccaney” in the summons & “Maccanny” in the settlement.
(Contributed by Descendants of Daniel Mackenny, born ca 1706 Kittery.)
Kevin McKinney states that this action is related to Robert’s rent of a house in New Castle NH from John Hinckes 1718-1719.
Carol Boswell had stated in her timeline: "In the Fall - Court action against Robert McKenny for debt in Kittery. Robert appears a couple of times as owner of sawmills, and the lawsuit might be related.")

1720/21: Robert Mackiny sworn for tiding man (thithing man) 20 Mar 1720 Town Meeting.
(Scarborough Town Records)

1724: Robert’s wife Rebecca died in Scarborough 19 April 1724, the day after being wounded in an Indian attack.
("Descendants of Edward Small & Allied Families" by Lora Underhill)

1724 The death of Rebacakuk Mackiny the 19th day of April 1724, the wife of Robard Mackiny
(Scarborough Town Records)

1725 The death of Robard Markiny, widower, July the 22 day anno domini 1725.
(Scarborough Town Records)
(Don's note: "Descendants of Edward Small & Allied Families" by Lora Underhill show Robert’s death as 23 Sep 1725, a date they probably referenced from Ridlon's earlier book which is an error. Who knows where they obtained that death date of 23 Sep 1725 & they provide no source. Evidently another example of a record that is quoted or transcribed incorrectly, but there is only 1 death record for Robert in the Scarborough town records--22 July 1725.)

1722: "Robard Mackny, juner" & his brother John, both sons of Robert & Rebecca, had their "creature marks" described in Scarborough Town Records: "His [John's] creturs mark, a swalors tail in the top of the right ears, and a hapenny cut out of the same one the underside of the same ear..." and "Creturs mark of Robard Mackny juner, a halpenny cut out of the left eare and a splet in the underside of the right." Entered 10, March 17".

1722: Robard Mackiny his creature’s mark 10 May 1722
(Scarborough Town Records)

1724: Robert Mckanny, a son of Robert & Rebecca, appeared on a military list, sworn to at Falmouth, May 28, 1724, of men in service at Scarborough under Sergeant Nathan Knight, He was "reported taken from Hilton's (garrison) September 13, (1723) and served until May 28, 1724. The following year he enlisted June 1, in the company of Captain John Gray, of which Nathan Knight was Sergeant, and served until November 22, a period of twenty-five weeks.

(He served with brothers Henry & Eleazer under Capt Gray)
(From "Descendants of Edward Small & Allied Families" by Lora Underhill, pg 343-344)

1726: Robard Mackiny and Henry Mackiny sworn for field drivers. 22 Mar 1726
(Don’s note: Sons of Robert I & Rebecca)
(Scarborough Town Records)

1727: Robert Meckeny and Margaret Jemison published their intentions April 1 1727. .
(Scarborough Town Records)
(Don’s Note: Robert II son of Robert I & Rebecca, married Margaret Jameson)

1729: Henery Mackenney and Sarah Hanscom were marryd March 13 1729 by Rev. Mr. William Thompson.
1731: Isaac Mackiny and Eliza Driscow were marreyed Apr 1 1831 by Rev. Mr. William Thompson.
(Scarborough Town Records: Sons of Robert I & Rebecca)

Sources for Parents & Children of Robert Mackenny II & Margaret Jameson (Robert II)
“Genealogical Dictionary of Maine & New Hampshire” by Noyes, Libby, Davis
“Saco Valley Settlements” by G. T. Ridlon, Sr.
"Descendants of Edward Small & Allied Families" by Lora Underhill
“Many Maine McKenney Families” by Ora Herbert McKenney Jr

Children of Robert Mackenny and Margaret Jameson:
i. Robert III, born 28 Feb 1728/29 in Scarborough(York) ME; died Bef. 1800 in Scarborough(Cumberland) ME; married Jane Holmes 25 Feb 1750/51 in Scarborough(York) ME.
ii. William, born 24 May 1730.
iii. Mary, born 6 May 1733 in Scarborough(York) ME; died 22 Nov 1805 in Limerick, ME; married John Hodgdon 1754 in Scarborough, Maine.
iv. Jane, born 1 Apr 1736.
v. Hannah, born 7 Jan 1738/39 in Scarborough(York) ME; married Robert McLaughlan 28 Nov 1759 in Scarborough, Maine.
vi. Rebecca, born 4 Jul 1743 in Scarborough(York) ME; died Unknown in Cornish, ME ?; married James Holmes 1762 in Scarborough(Cumberland) ME; born Abt 1737; died 9 Mar 1831 in Cornish, ME.

1730-1743: "Robert & Margaret Mackinney" (Robert II)--Their children were baptized.
(Baptisms of the First Congregational Church of Scarborough)
Children of Robert & Margaret Mackinney
June 14, 1730 - Robert & William Mackinney
May 6, 1733 - Mary
Apr 1, 1736 - Jane
Jan 7, 1739 - Hannah
Jul 4, 1743 - Rebecca

1731: Robert Mckeney and Margret his wife first son Robert born 28 Feb 1728/1729; the second son William born 24 May 1730.
(Scarborough Town Records)

29 Oct 1735--"Robert Mackenny" (Robert II) purchased land in Black Point, Scarborough from Joseph Poak--"Situate lying and being on ye Westward Side of Black Point River & in the Township of Scarborough & Biddeford" (Name also spelled Mackenney & Mackeney in this deed)
30 Oct 1735--Robert II also witnessed deed from Joseph Poak to Paul Thompson---signed "Robert X Mackeny"
(From York County, Maine Deeds, Vol 17)

1739: "Robert McKeny" chofe (chosen) surveyer of highway & John McKeney chofen as hogreaves 7 Mar 1739/40
(Scarborough Town Records)

1748/1749? "Robert Mikeney" chosen as field driver and fence viewer
(Scarborough Town Records)

1751:-"Robert McKenney" (Robert III) married "Jane Holmes" 25 Feb 1751 in Scarborough

Sources for Parents & Children of Robert III: b 1729:
“Genealogical Dictionary of Maine & New Hampshire” by Noyes, Libby, Davis
“Saco Valley Settlements” by G. T. Ridlon, Sr.
"Descendants of Edward Small & Allied Families" by Lora Underhill
“Many Maine McKenney Families” by Ora Herbert McKenney Jr

Children of Robert III and Jane Holmes
i. Laura A., born 25 Feb 1753.
ii. George L., born 20 Nov 1756.
iii. Cora, born 11 Jul 1757.
iv. Robert IV, born 8 Oct 1759 in Scarborough(York) ME; died Bef. 1820 in Scarborough(Cumberland) ME; married Joanna "Hannah" Cummins 17 Oct 1782 in Scarborough(Cumberland) ME.
v. Jane, born 20 Dec 1760 in Scarborough(Cumberland)ME; married Richard Carter 27 May 1778 in Scarborough(Cumberland)ME.
vi. Jonathan, born Abt 1762.
vii. Hannah, born 6 May 1766 in Scarborough, ME; died 18 Dec 1835 in Limington, ME; married Benjamin Meserve 2 Jan 1794 in Scarborough, Maine.
viii. William, born Abt 1767

1753: Robert III & his brother-in-law Joseph Holmes witnessed the Last Will & Testament of Charles Pine in Scarborough--probated 2 Jul 1753.
"Signed Sealed published pronounced & declared by the Said Charles Pine as his last Will & Testament, in presence of us the Subscribers. Joseph Holmes, Robert X McKenny, Richard King"
(Maine wills: 1640-1760 By William Mitchell Sargent, pg 708)

1755: "Robert McKiney" chosen as tithing man 7 Mar
(Scarborough Town Records)

1757: Robert II died 6 Feb 1757 in Scarborough
(Letters of Administration were granted to his widow Margaret July 11, 1758 & an inventory of his estate was returned Oct 2 1758.--York County Probate, Book 10)

1759: Robert IV, a son of Robert III & Jane was born 8 Oct 1759 in Scarborough
(Scarborough Town Records)

1763 15 Mar Allowance voted for Robert McKeaney “for what he did to Avery” (Scarborough Town Records)

1779: "McKeney, Robert, Scarborough. Private. Capt. Benjamin Larrabe's co., Col. Mitchel's Regt.; marched July 9, 1779; discharged Sept. 12, 1779; service, 2 mos." (Probably Robert IV)
(From "Massachusetts Soldiers & Sailors in the American Revolution")

1782: "Robert McKenny jun" (Robert IV) and "Joanna Cummins" were married 17 Oct 1782 in Scarborough

Children of Robert & Joanna “Hannah” (Cummins) McKenney
i. Mary McKenney, born 27 Nov 1783 in Scarborough(Cumberland) ME; married James Foss 7 Dec 1809 in Scarborough, Maine.
ii. George McKenney, born 21 Feb 1784 in Scarborough(Cumberland) ME; died Unknown in Stetson(Penobscot) ME; married Nancy Abt 1810.
iii. Jane McKenney, born 11 Apr 1785 in Scarborough(Cumberland) ME.
iv. Richard McKenney, born 16 Jan 1787 in Scarborough(Cumberland) ME; died Abt 1870 in Stetson(Penobscot) ME; married Lydia Brown 20 Jan 1814
v. Elias McKenney, born 19 Dec 1790 in Scarborough(Cumberland) ME.
vi. Benjamin McKenney, born 12 Nov 1792 in Scarborough(Cumberland) ME; died 7 Jul 1860 in Bangor, ME; married Sally Ridlon 12 Feb 1812 in Saco, ME.
vii. William McKenney, born 9 Dec 1795 in Scarborough(Cumberland) ME; died 2 Jul 1860 in Newport(Penobscot) ME; married Anna Cole Abt 1820 in Scarborough, Maine.
viii. Grace McKenney, born 18 Apr 1797.
ix. Hannah McKenney, born 11 May 1798 in Scarborough(Cumberland) ME; died 31 May 1815 in Portland, ME.
x. Dorcas McKenney, born 3 Jun 1800 in Scarborough(Cumberland) ME.
xi. Henry McKenney, born 5 May 1803 in Scarborough(Cumberland) ME.
xii. Jonathan McKenney, born 24 Aug 1805 in Scarborough(Cumberland) ME; died 1863 in ?; married Martha Collins 11 Jun 1834 in Cornville, ME
xiii. Oliver McKenney, born 26 May 1806 in Scarborough(Cumberland) ME.

(Sources for Parents & Children of Robert & Hanna (Cummins) McKenney): “Saco Valley Settlements” by G. T. Ridlon, Sr
“Many Maine McKenney Families” by Ora Herbert McKenney Jr who also references Scarborough Town Records)

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