Jack & Sarah Gaylor

ANDREW J. "JACK" GAYLOR (1846-1921)
SARAH ELIZABETH "SALLIE" PENDLETON (1837-1886)
Married: 12 Sep 1867 Collin County, Texas

(Jack married #2: Margaret Rutledge 4 Nov 1890 Lander, Fremont Co WY//Divorced)
(Jack married #3: Elizabeth “Lizzie” Shinholser 11 Jan 1899 Macon, GA


PIONEER SETTLERS OF FREMONT COUNTY, WYOMING


Andrew "Jack" & Sarah (Pendleton) Gaylor
with children Nora (standing), Abbie & baby Walter
Lander, Wyoming, 1885

(Links to the children of Jack & Sallie are at the bottom of this page)

Researcher: Donald Earl McKinney Jr
These notes were compiled from material gathered since 1980 by personal research & correspondence. Other than my parents, grandparents, aunts/uncles & other individuals mentioned in the narrative, I am especially grateful to the following "cousins" whose records, photographs, stories & oral traditions, along with my own, helped us all gain a better understanding of our family heritage.
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Georgia Hulett & daughter Jean Werts, Dubois, Wyo, descendants of Jack Gaylor
Linda French, Wagoner, OK, descendant of Jack Gaylor's brother "Tom" Gaylor
Jim Odell, Mae Windrix & Linda Smith of OK, descendants of Jack Gaylor's half-brother Bob Brummett
Jeanne Atkinson, Chelan WA, descendant of Ed & Nora (Gaylor) McKinney
The late Jim Phillips of Dallas TX, descendant of the Pendleton family
Rita Roose of Farmersville, TX, descendant of the Kilgore family
Raymond & Carolyn Simpson, descendant of William Rowland Simpson, uncle of Jack Gaylor
Gayle Wilcox & Mary Louise Bates of Texas, descendants of Roseanna (Simpson) Mitchell, aunt of Jack Gaylor
Ann Corum of Hazel Green, AL, descendant of Rev James Fletcher Gaylor, uncle of Jack Gaylor)
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If these notes, excerpts or photos are copied, shared with others, published or displayed on the internet, it will be appreciated that proper genealogical etiquette be observed, acknowledging the compiler. Any "legitimate" additions or corrections, etc. will also be greatly appreciated.
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Andrew Joseph "Jack" Gaylor was born 7 January 1846, probably near McMinnville, Warren County, Tennessee & was the oldest son of JOHN & MARTHA (SIMPSON) GAYLOR. It is believed that Jack's father John, was the son of John & Sarah (Downey) Gaylor who, as teenagers, settled in northern Georgia with their respective parents soon after the War of 1812.

Jack's father, John Jr, was born 1822 in Tennessee soon after his parents left Georgia. They settled in Franklin County, Illinois during the 1820's, however, returned to Tennessee during the late 1830's before settling in NE Alabama/NW Georgia where relatives still resided. It is also believed that Jack's father, after reaching adulthood, moved back to Tennessee during the 1840's where his sweetheart, Martha Ann Simpson still resided.

Jack's mother Martha was born 11 February 1827, probably in Ohio, but as a child resided near McMinnville, Warren County, TN. Martha's parents were William & Matilda (Rowland) Simpson who were from Shenandoah County, VA. William & Matilda Simpson left Virginia during the 1820's & probably resided briefly in Ohio before eventually settling in Tennessee by 1830.

Martha married John Gaylor about 1844, probably in Warren County, TN where Jack was born. Jack's sister, Sarah Matilda was born 1847 & brother Abslom in 1849. Sarah Matilda was evidently named after her paternal & maternal grandmothers. During the 1850 census, John & Martha Gaylor were residing in Jackson County, Tennessee.

Martha's father William Simpson died during the 1840's & her mother Matilda resided with the Gaylor family when they moved north to Jackson County, TN. Martha's brother William Rowland Simpson, born 1831, was residing next door with his young bride Eliza, daughter of Robert Biggs.

Jack's youngest brother John Thomas "Tom" Gaylor was born 1851 in Marion County, Tennessee, very near the Alabama/Georgia border where father John's relatives resided. Not much else is known about their father, but it is highly likely they journeyed back to Alabama and Georgia for a brief visit with relatives before beginning their long arduous trip to the Ozarks of southwestern Missouri. Martha's older sister Roseanna had already settled in that area of Missouri with her husband Rev Joel F. Mitchell about a decade earlier. It is believed that John Gaylor died in Barry County soon after the move.

While in Barry County, Jack's mother Martha married widower William Brummett in September 1854. The marriage ceremony was performed by Martha's brother-in-law, Rev Joel F. Mitchell, a local Baptist minister/farmer. They resided in Sugar Creek Township, in an area known as Roller's Ridge of the Washburn Prairie which was situated about 2 miles northwest of what is now the small town of Seligman, near the Arkansas line. Their close neighbors, other than Martha's sister Roseanna, were Montgomery Hamilton, the King & Harbin families, & other families who were all pioneer settlers of that area. Widow Nancy Pallett and her family had settled there from Cass County MO during the 1850's. Her son Richard Pallett married Roseanna (Simpson) Mitchell's daughter Martha Jane.

William Brummett was an older man, born about 1811, whose first wife Nancy Ray died around 1854. William had several children from his previous marriage to Nancy Ray. They were Elizabeth, Mary Jane, Narcissa, Martha, William, Johnson & John Brummett. Mr Brummett became the step-father of the Gaylor children. The turmoil of pre-civil war years was gradually increasing in this area of Missouri, Arkansas, & nearby Kansas during the mid 1850's. The Gaylor & Brummett families were not slave owners, or large land owners, just simple, hard working farmers, who struggled to make a living during their journeys throughout the south. Their neighbors on the Washburn Prairie, were mostly slave owners & established land owners, also from the south, but there were also many northerners who had settled all around them. Most of these settlers who were from diverse backgrounds of various areas of the country, both north and south, were good, descent people. However the emotional issues of the day were about to get out of hand with political extremists & local "bushwhackers" from both groups leading the nation to the eventual Civil War. Martha's brother-in-law Rev Joel F. Mitchell, a Confederate sympathizer, was killed by Federal bushwhackers during the war.

The Gaylor & Brummett families, also believed to be southern sympathizers, evidently decided that it was time to settle in a safer area where there were fewer northern influences & partisan conflicts between pro and anti slavery or other states rights issues. William Brummett's brother and other relatives had settled in northeast Texas about a decade earlier. William decided to move thes family to this area around 1858. It is quite likely that the family traveled in a group of other settlers by wagon train entering northwest Arkansas along the old Osage Trail into Fayetteville. Here in Fayetteville, they may have completed the outfitting of their wagons with certain provisions they couldn't find in Barry County.

They most likely headed west into Indian Territory and eventually made it to the Texas Trail, near Fort Gibson and the 3 forks area of the Cherokee Nation. Most early settlers again stocked up and rested as necessary at Fort Gibson after this 2d phase of the trip to Texas. They headed south along this Texas Trail, which was another major frontier turnpike for freighters and settlers traveling through the Cherokee & Choctaw Nations of Indian Territory. The final phase of this long journey would be crossing the Red River and entering northeast Texas. This road crossed the Red River into Texas at Colbert's Ferry, just northwest of the area in Fannin County, TX where they settled. The Gaylor/Brummett family settled a few miles northwest of Ladonia, Fannin County, Texas.

From "Historical Atlas of Oklahoma" is the following: "The Texas Road developed as a natural result of travel from the north and east into the Indian country and later from the demand for a route to the Mexican province of Texas. The flood of travelers along this route made it the most important artery of commerce between the settlements of Missouri and Kansas, at one end, and the Red River, at the other. Immigrants who came in from Arkansas reached the Texas Road at Three Forks or farther south. Salina, North Fork Town, Boggy Depot and many other towns felt the impact of trade incidental to the Texas migration and the return of many settlers to their homes in Missouri, Arkansas, or Tennessee."

While in Fannin County, William Brummett & Martha had several children of their own, including Jefferson Brummett, born 1858 & Robert Clinton Brummett, born 1860. Several years later, toward the end of the Civil War, they moved to nearby Farmersville in Collin County, TX, where William's nephew Harrison Brummett had already moved shortly before the Civil War.

It is believed that Jack's step-father William Brummett died during the war. Jack, the oldest & now head of the household, most likely assumed the responsibility of taking care of the family. He was too young to join the Confederate Army at the beginning of the war, but "became of age" as the war progressed. His responsibilities to his widowed mother and younger siblings probably precluded him from becoming an active participant in the war. It is also believed that Jack's brother Abslom died during this time.

Several of the older Brummett & Pendleton men had joined Col Fitzhugh's Regiment, 16th Texas Cavalry of the Confederate Army which served in the campaigns of Arkansas & Louisiana. Jack's maternal uncle, William Rowland Simpson, who remained in Jackson County, TN, served with the 28th Tennessee Infantry of the Confederate Army. Also, Jack's paternal uncles, James F., Joseph J., George W., & William Gaylor, who remained in the AL & GA area, all served with Alabama units of the Confederate Army.

Jack Gaylor was a freighter by profession & it is quite likely he engaged in this occupation throughout northeast Texas & Indian Territory during those years immediately following the Civil War. This was probably his only source of income which he used to help support his mother and siblings.

From "Friendly Farmersville" by Charles J. Rike is the following: "Farmersville was on the regular trail from Jefferson, Greenville, and other eastern points to the thriving village of McKinney and other points West, as well as being about four miles off the Old Central National Road of the Republic of Texas, which ran across the corner of Collin County. - - - - - Farmersville depended on Jefferson, Texas, as the source of many of the necessities of life which could not be produced at home. At the time, Jefferson was the point of entry to the far west- - - - - - The trip from Farmersville to Jefferson consumed about fifteen days by team. In freighting, several teams were in the caravan making the trip. Often in fording streams, several teams had to be hitched to a wagon to pull it across the muddy stream bed.."

Jack's mother Martha married William C. McCord in Collin County, TX on Sep 10, 1867. Jack married SARAH ELIZABETH "Sallie" PENDLETON 2 days later on Sep 12, 1867. During this same week, Jack's step-sister Narcissus Brummett married his wife Sallie's brother Melvin Pendleton.

"Sallie" Pendleton was born in 1837 near Rye Cove, Scott County in the southwest corner of Virginia and came to Texas in a covered wagon with her parents Rev. JOHN & JEMIMA (KILGORE) PENDLETON in 1858. Her father was a Methodist minister and farmer in that area of Virginia, but decided to move his family to Texas shortly before the Civil War started. This overland trip took about 64 days & passed through the states of Tennessee, Missouri, Arkansas & probably Indian Territory. Sarah's paternal Pendleton ancestors came from Norwich, England and settled in Virginia during the 1660's. Sarah's grandfather was Benjamin Pendleton, a Revolutionary War veteran, who settled in southwest Virginia after the war.

From "Scott County, Virginia and its people 1814-1991" article submitted by Maxine Pendleton Sanders: "Rev. John Pendleton, a descendant of William and Elizabeth Tinsley Pendleton of Amherst County, Virginia, was born the son of Benjamin Pendleton- - - -As a farmer and Methodist Minister, Rev. John spent many years in that part of Lee, Russell and Scott Counties uniting in marriage many of the early Virginia settlers during the early 1800's. - - - -In 1858, Rev. John and his son John Craig- - - -and with other members of the family moved to Collin County, Texas. - - - -In a letter to Thomas Horton (1859), Rev. John described the new country as bountiful. "If I were young and back in Virginia and know what I know now about Texas, I could not be kept there." In his letters, Rev. John described his arrival in Texas as like "John in the Isle of Patmos. Almost banished from friends and no meeting houses." But he was invited to speak in homes schools, and the Masonic Hall in Farmersville, preaching every Sunday in Farmersville, Rev. John died Oct 11, 1861."

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30 Jul 1867 - Collin Co TX (Voter Registration)
A.J. GAYLOR, Born TN (Left State)
W.G. PENDLETON (Jack's brother-in-law)

12 Sep 1867 - Collin Co TX (Marriage Record)
A.J. GAYLOR married SARAH E. PENDLETON. J.M. Benge, Court Clerk; E.L. Augel, M.G.

3 Mar 1869 - Collin Co TX (Sale of Land-Vol R, Pg 346) "The State of Texas - Collin County. Know all men by these presents that for and in consideration of the sum of four hundred dollars to us in hand paid by J.W. Throckmorton & Thomas J. Brown the receipt of which we hereby acknowledge A.J. Gaylor and his wife Sallie Gaylor have this day bargained & sold and by these presents convey unto said Throckmorton & Brown all of our right title or interest in and to the following described land towit: being part of a survey of land in said Collin County known as the STAATS SURVEY and on the waters of HICKORY CREEK beginning at the NORTH-EAST corner of said Survey, Thence SOUTH three hundred & seventy seven varas a stake. Thence WEST Seven hundred & forty one varas a stake. Thence NORTH three hundred & seventy seven varas a stake. Thence EAST Seven hundred & forty one varas to the place of beginning. To have and to hold unto said Throckmorton & Brown forever with all the rights and tenements to the same appertaining and I A.J. GAYLOR convenant with said Throckmorton & Brown to warrant and defend the title to said land unto them their heirs Executors and assigns against the claims of all persons whomsoever. Witness our hands this 3' day of March AD 1869. A.J. GAYLOR; SALLIE GAYLOR

"The State of Texas - Collin County - This day before me WM G. PENDLETON a Notary Public for Collin County personally came SALLIE GAYLOR wife of A.J. GAYLOR who is to me well known and acknowledge that she signed and delivered the foregoing deed for the purposes and considerations Setforth and being examined privately and apart from her said husband after having the same fully explained to her, she declared that she signed the same freely and voluntarily and without any undue ?? or compulsion and that she does not wish to retract it. To certify which I hereto sign my name affix my seal of office this 3" day of March AD 1869. W.G. PENDLETON N.P.C.C. Txas; Filed March 22 AD 1869 at 10 o'ccock AM, Duly Stamped G.W. Patterson, Clerk"

(Don's Note: Original owners Nelson & Henrieta Staats. The witness & Notary, W.G. Pendleton, was Sallie's brother)
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Jack & Sallie Gaylor acquired about 49 acres on Hickory Creek, just north of the Pendleton farm which was inherited by Sallie's brother John Craig Pendleton after their father, Rev John Pendleton died in 1861. It is quite likely that Jack's mother & his siblings resided with them.

It is believed that Jack Gaylor was also a horse wrangler as were many people of that area of Texas. During the early years of the "open ranges" with no fences, many unbranded maverick cattle & horses were rounded up and branded by ranchers and cowboys who sometimes "threw a wide loop." This was especially true after the Civil War, when a good horse was hard to come by, since the Federal army had confiscated most of them.

A Pendleton descendant, the late Jim Phillips of Dallas, TX spoke of a "family tradition" as told to him by an elderly relative who was one of Sarah Pendleton Gaylor's nephews. Jim wasn't sure it was true, but stated that this elderly man named Will Pendleton, the son of Sarah's brother John Craig Pendleton, told him that his aunt Sarah Pendleton was married to A. Gaylor and that A. Gaylor was mixed up in some horse dealings & had to leave town in a hurry, in the middle of the night.

Jim also stated in a letter to me: "I know very little about A.J. Gaylor and Sarah Pendleton. The horse stealing bit was told me by Sarah's nephew Will Pendleton. Several of Sarah's brother's and sisters are not accounted for and when I asked him about them he always said they went to Oklahoma. I doubt from what I have read about A.J. Gaylor that his horse stealing bit was anything other than a fabrication or an explanation that rose to the surface of Will's consciousness, when questioned."
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From "Collin County: Pioneering in North Texas", by Capt Roy F. Hall & Helen Gibbard Hall are the following excerpts:
"There were few horses left in the county as the army had taken them all but there was a surplus of bushwhackers. - - - The years immediately following the Civil War, or from 1865 to 1870 were perilous ones in this section of Texas. An influx of Carpetbaggers overran the country, bringing not only the Carpetbaggers themselves, but also many discharged Union soldiers, attracted at the prospect of taking over the land and property of Ex-Confederates, as had been halfway promised them. - - - - - Unwilling to lose their lands, the farmers, resorted to the guerilla tactics resorted to by the "bushwhackers" during the war. This is, they took to the thickets and fought back, some even took to banditry by preying on the Carpetbaggers, the JayHawkers from Kansas, and the scallawags-the fellow who had hid out as a Union sympathizer durng the war. In Northeast Collin County, with Blue Ridge as about the center, this warfare reached its peak in the Lee-Peacock feud, in which a good many men lost their lives.- - - - - -- - - - - - Lewis Peacock was killed from ambush on June 14, 1871, and Bob Lee died the same way on the morning of May 24, 1869. Both had been leaders in the feud, and both were good men but with widely divergent views. - - - - - - - there was a lot of right and a lot of wrong on both sides, but, as stated before, these were perilous times in Collin County."
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Ironically, Jack & his family were most likely caught up in this unrest and turmoil of post civil war Texas. The very reason they left Missouri a decade earlier. About 1867, Jack took his family, including his mother & siblings, as well as Mr McCord, back to Sugar Creek Township in Barry County, MO. The political turmoil of this area of Missouri had quieted down considerably after the war and evidently, the family still had a strong Mitchell family connection there. While in Barry County, Jack's sister, Sarah Matilda married Ivera Wright in 1868. Baptist minister Williamson Seamster, the founder of the Rock Springs Baptist Church, performed the ceremony. It is believed the family belonged to this Rock Springs Baptist Church during this period of their return to Missouri. They remained there about two years and then backtracked into Indian Territory probably using the same Texas & Osage trails. They all settled near Fort Gibson about 1869.

Jack's step-brother, John Brummett remained in Missouri & married his step-mother Martha's niece, Amanda Mitchell, daughter of Rev Joel & Roseanna(Simpson) Mitchell. Evidently, Amanda died young, leaving John with 2 young sons. During the early 1880's, it is believed that John left his 2 sons in the care of brother in law James Mitchell & moved to the Cherokee Nation near his relatives.

Jack and wife Sallie went back to Texas in 1869 to take care of some business. Sallie's mother Jemima Pendleton had died the previous year and it appears they felt it was safe for them to return to the area & sell their property on Hickory Creek. This they did with the help of Sarah's brother William Gaines Pendleton, but it is believed they soon returned north to Fort Gibson of the Cherokee Nation.

Jack & Sallie Gaylor's oldest daughter, Lenora "Nora" was born in 1871, probably at Fort Gibson. Jack was a scout & freighter throughout the Indian Territory & Arkansas during that time, however, about 1875 after the birth of their 2d daughter Abbie, he and his family traveled across the great plains to Placerville, CA where he mined for gold. It is believed that Jack's wife Sallie & the two daughters resided briefly in Sacramento while he was mining.

The next year, Jack and his family settled in Cheyenne, Wyo where Jack drove a stagecoach from Cheyenne to Deadwood SD. Their 3d daughter Emma died in infancy while they were in Cheyenne. According to his daughter Nora McKinney's biography on file in the Wyoming State Archives in Cheyenne, he was "quite proud of his six-horse outfit when he drove in the direction of the Black Hills region." He was a young 26 year old man in the prime of his life. During this 1876-1878 period when Jack drove this Cheyenne and Black Hills trail, the area was notorious for numerous robberies and hostile Indian attacks. Also during this period, Calamity Jane is said to have driven a stage along that route and Wild Bill Hickok made his famous trek from Cheyenne to Deadwood.

In 1880, Jack found employment with the War Department as a scout and wagonmaster/teamster at Fort Washakie, Wyoming. This was the year he evidently came to Fremont County. It was during this time that son Walter was born in 1881. Jack made many trips with the cavalry escorted freight outfits that departed Fort Washakie, hauling & supplying materials to the various cavalry outposts and other government agencies throughout Wyoming & the Dakotas. He served with the War Department at Fort Washakie for 2 years but in 1882 Jack became restless and again decided to seek his fortune in the gold mines. This time he decided that a trip to the gold fields of New Mexico might prove financially rewarding. He left New Mexico when the Indians became too dangerous and went to Boulder, Colorado, where he may have established some more mining claims. He soon returned to Fremont County & moved his family to South Pass where he established some mining claims.

With gold mining & "bull whacking" out of his blood, Jack Gaylor decided to establish a homestead in 1885 in the scenic Sinks Canyon area along the Big Popo Agie River near Lander. When Sallie died on this Sinks Canyon homestead the day after Christmas in 1886, Jack was left with the responsibility of raising 3 young children by himself. Before she died, Jack constructed a nice log house for his family and made many other improvements on the land which was required by the Homestead Act.

As another "family tradition" was related to me by family members, Sallie suffered terribly from an ulcerated stomach condition. Her inside organs could be seen from the open wound caused by the condition. She was buried in the family cemetery at Borner's Garden in Sinks Canyon. Her daughter Lenora (Gaylor) McKinney and son Walter Gaylor who both died many years later are buried near her. He married the widow Margaret Rutledge in 1890 but they were soon divorced after she deserted him because she was unable to get along with his daughters.

In 1893, both of Jack's daughters were married. Abbie married Charles Rhodes and raised her children on a ranch near Lander. Nora married Ed McKinney, a horse breaker & cowboy from the Sweetwater River country. Nora went to live with him in a small log cabin shared with partner Gus Lankin at Split Rock which was more than a day's wagon ride from Lander. Gus Lankin's diary mentions a Thanksgiving family gathering in 1894 when Nora's father "Jack", brother Walter & sister Abbie Rhodes & family visited for a week and had a feast of beef & venison from a deer they shot.

Jack Gaylor sold his homestead in 1895 and evidently moved to Rongis on the Sweetwater River. His daughter, Nora McKinney & husband Ed during this time operated the Upper Graham Ranch on shares with their good friend James Graham. Therefore, for a couple of years before leaving for the Spanish American War, Jack visited quite often with his daughter and family on the Sweetwater.
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11Jun1885 - General Land Office,EvanstonWY(Homestead Application #188) ANDREW J. GAYLOR settled on homestead in Sinks Canyon, Lander, Fremont Co WY (Homestead Certificate #133, Final Grant 29 Feb 1892). He sold this land to H.G. Nickerson, 18 Jan 1895.

26 May 1893 (Fremont Clipper, Lander, Wyo) Note: A separate article briefly tells about a posse that captured escaped prisoners near Skull Gulch, on Twin Creek. Excerpt from The Local Department: "JACK GAYLOR, the intrepid, lent a helping hand in the endeavor to capture the fleeing prisoners."
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Jack Gaylor was also well known throughout Fremont County as a hunter and trapper. He provided meat for his family and supplemented his income by selling the pelts of the animals he killed. The following items were found in The Fremont Clipper:
January 21, 1888-"Jack Gaylor killed three elk and five mountain sheep last week."
April 7, 1893-"A.J. Gaylor brought the pelt and horns of a very large mountain sheep to town last week. He sold it to W.A. Feiser who took it to Cheyenne to have it mounted. The animal was killed within ten miles of Lander."
March 4, 1898-"A.J. Gaylor of Rongis was in town Saturday and Sunday, having brought in a wagon load of coyote and wolf pelts. Mr Gaylor is one of the best wolf trappers in the state. He informs us that he will soon start for Klondike in company with two Colorado miners, who are now on Sweetwater getting together an outfit. They will go overland via Fort Union and expect to reach Klondike about the first of September."
Mar 4, 1898-"WANTED, TWO DOGS - I will pay $25 each for two Russian Wolf Hounds that will weight 140 pounds delivered to me at Rongis, Wyoming, or at James Graham's ranch on the Sweetwater. Want them in the next three weeks. A.J. GAYLOR, Rongis, Wyoming"
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During this period while Jack was in Wyoming, his brother "Tom" Gaylor , half-brother "Bob" Brummett and their mother Martha eventually left Ft Gibson and moved to an area of the Cherokee Nation on the Grand River NE of Wagoner later called Gaylor Bend. Sarah Matilda's husband, Ivera Wright, evidently died & she married blacksmith, Frederick McDonald Uhls & they remained under permit at Ft Gibson in the Illinois District. Frederick Uhls was an older man, born 1826 in TN, whose first wife had died. He came to Indian Territory about 1870 from Illinois.

Sarah Matilda Uhls & brother "Tom" Gaylor applied jointly for Cherokee Citizenship in 1878, but were rejected, evidently unable to prove their ancestry. Sarah Matilda and Frederick Uhls later moved to Muskogee where they raised their children Cynthia, Florence, Emma W., Parthenia, Clarinda, George and Fred Jr. Sarah Matilda died in Muskogee in 1887 & is buried in Greenhill Cemetery. Her husband Frederick married another lady named Sarah who also died the next year. He later married a widow named Mary Jane Griffiths who helped raise the children. Frederick died in Nov 1893. In October of 1894, daughter Emma Ward Uhls visited her uncle "Jack" Gaylor & family in Lander Wyo. She signed the guest register book of her 1st cousin Abbie (Jack's daughter) in Lander. This book is in the possession of Abbie's daughter, Georgia Hulett, of Dubois, Wyoming.

Jack's brother Tom Gaylor was a cattle rancher in the Gaylor Bend area for many years and also served as a scout from time to time for the cattle drives coming through the area. About 1871, soon after arriving in the Cherokee Nation, it is believed that Tom married his step-sister Martha Ann Brummett. They had a daughter named Josephine who died in 1887. After Martha died in 1880, Tom married a woman of Cherokee ancestry, Nancy Elizabeth Alberty.

Tom & Nancy had several children born during the 1880's, Lavena, Thomas J., David H., Grover C., and Perry A. Another daughter Abbie died in infancy in 1898. Nancy died that same year. A couple of years later, Tom married his 3d wife, Nancy Foreman.

John Thomas "Tom" Gaylor died of pneumonia in 1902 and was buried beside 2d wife Nancy Alberty in the Gaylor Bend Cemetery. Mother Martha (Simpson) Gaylor, who died in 1887, is also buried there. This cemetery was later relocated to the Pioneer Memorial Cemetery near Wagoner during construction of the Fort Gibson Reservoir during the 1940's. Half-brother Robert Brummett left the Gaylor Bend area and settled near Hulbert east of Wagoner. He & his first wife Lummie raised their children in the Hulbert area. After Lummie died in 1914, she was brought back for burial at the cemetery at Gaylor Bend.

It appears that Jack didn't get the "gold fever" completely out of his blood, because according to that March 4, 1898 Clipper article, he had made plans to travel to Klondike. He never had his chance, because the Spanish American War started about that time and his adventurous spirit led him to join Colonel Torrey and the "Rough Riders" as a civilian packmaster. He was nearly 50 years old at the time and had already raised his family, but the idea that he could see some action in Cuba probably appealed to him.

The following item was in the August 12, 1898 issue of the Lander, Wyoming Clipper:
Excerpt printed in above newspaper from a long letter sent by Jack Gaylor to the editor from Florida. "FROM THE ROUGH RIDERS - Camp Cuba Libre, Jacksonville, FL, Jul 18, 1898. Dear Sir: As I am way down here in Florida, I would like to have the news, so I will enclose $1 to you, for which you will please send me the Clipper. I am one of the boss packers for the Rough Riders. We may stay here for some time as Col Torrey is still unable to walk. - - - - - - We had a bad smashup on our way down here & several of our boys were killed - - - - -- - - Well, anyway I did not get killed and I am still in the ring, and I am going to have a mule load of Spaniards' ears before I come back. - - - - - - -We take the long eared mules, with packs, out and drill every day. We expect to pack all of the grub and ammunition for our regiment. We will stay until the Spanish lads are conquered. - - - - - Yours truly, A.J. GAYLOR"

Jack soon transferred to the 7th Cavalry at Huntsville, Alabama and went to Cuba during the U.S. military occupation. While with the 7th Cavalry at Macon, Georgia, he met his third wife who was about 16 years his junior. They were very happily married for 22 years. From The Clipper, February 10, 1899:
Excerpt from a Macon, GA newspaper item sent by Jack Gaylor to the editor from Macon, GA:
"A PRETTY WEDDING IN SOUTH MACON, GEORGIA - We clip the following from a Macon, GA paper of January 12, which will be of great interest to many of the people of this section of the country. (Editor of Clipper)
A marriage occurred in South Macon last night with just a tinge of romance about it. The contracting parties were Miss Lizzie Shinolser to Mr A.J. Gaylor, chief packmaster of pack train No. 27, which is attached to the Seventh Cavalry in camp here. The groom is a native of Lander, Wyoming. He came to Macon with the Seventh Cavalry and shortly after arriving here met the young lady who subsequently consented to be his bride. Mr Gaylor has spent most of his life on the plains and as he stated last night, felt more at ease in a buckskin suit on the alkali plains of Wyoming than he did in a dress suit. - - - - -"

This was a very happy marriage for Jack and Elizabeth. She remained in Macon, Georgia while he went to the Philippines later that year. She also resided with her brother Ed, a railroad engineer, in Birmingham, Alabama as he was traveling thoughout Georgia & Alabama with the railroad. Jack & Elizabeth had no children from this marriage, but Elizabeth stood by him and patiently waited for him to return from his adventures, just at his first wife Sarah did. He was Chief Packmaster under General Funston and was stationed at San Isidro, Mueva, Ecija, in the Philippines. The capture of Aguinaldo, the revolutionary President, by General Funston in March 1901 at Luzon virtually ended the main insurrection, and Jack returned to the States the following year.

Jack brought his young wife Elizabeth to California where he was stationed at the Presidio of San Francisco. He was in charge of the cavalry pack trains that brought supplies to the various outposts in Yosemite National Park and northern California. He gained some experience in Yosemite at fighting forest fires, planting fish and some other ranger type duties while on temporary duty. He became acquainted with Major H.C. Benson who was the Acting Superintendent of the park before the National Park Service was established. Because of Jack's natural abilities and his love of nature, he was perfect for this type of ranger position and was consequently appointed as a Park Ranger at Yosemite by the Department of Interior in September 1907. The pay was $900 a year. At this time there were only 6 of these permanent "first rangers" who had to patrol the entire Yosemite area. The following is from the History of the Sierra Nevada, by Francis P. Farquhar:

"Beginning in 1898 a few forest rangers (afterwards called park rangers) had been employed, but it was not until 1914 that a permanent ranger force was established. Among these "First Rangers" were Charles Leidig, Archie Leonard, Henry Skelton and Jack Gaylor, who established a fine tradition of devoted public service."

Excerpts from a resume written 9 Mar 1916 by Jack Gaylor which was included in his Department of the Interior, National Parks Personnel File:
"My training and experience has led up to a Rangers duty since the Spanish War began in 1898, when I left Wyoming with Colonel Tory's rough riders as packmaster to Jacksonville, Fla. From there I was transferred to the 7th Cavalry at Huntsville, Ala. From there ordered to Cuba with the 7th Cavalry. I had a great deal of experience in teaching the civilian packers & soldiers to pack with the diamond hitch, which the Gov. requires all packers & rangers to use.
From Cuba I was transfered to Manila P.I. & was promoted to Chief Packmaster & was with General Funston doing his packing & packed any and everything from a cannon on down. From Manila P.I. I was ordered back to the U.S. and was with packtrain at Presidio S.F. - - - - - - -In the spring of 1907 was telegraphed and asked to come to S.F. and take charge of packtrain for Yosemite National Park service which I did. Remained with it packing supplies for Soldiers during the summer & helped them to fight forest fires also packing and helping Major Benson plant fish until Sept 9th 1907 at said date I received my appointment for Rangers duty in Yosemite National Park from the Dept of the Interior, and have remained with it ever since. - - - - (Andrew J. Gaylor, Asst Chief Park Ranger)

Oakland Tribune (Oct 1938)
Excerpt from article: John Muir Centennial 1838-1938
“-----President Theodore Roosevelt sought peace and quiet with Muir on a camping trip to Yosemite in 1903. With only two early day rangers, Jack Gaylor and Charles Leidig, as guides, the two great naturalists camped one night under the great Sequoias of the Maripose Grove, then by horseback they rode to Sentinel Dome for another night under the stars. On the third day the group rode into Yosemite Valley via Glacier Point and the 11-mile trail. An elaborate banquet had been prepared for the President at the Sentinel Hotel, and many prominent political personages were there to greet him.-----”
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WAR DEPARTMENT (Civilian Personnel Records Center, St Louis)
1Jul1880-1Jul1882 (Packmaster & scout at Fort Washakie, Wyo)
10May1898-1898(Packmaster Torrey's "Rough Riders"(2d USVol)Cheyenne/JacksonvilleFL)
1898-1Jun1900 (Packmaster with 7th Cav Huntsville, AL/Macon, GA/Pinar del Rio Cuba/Manila,Philippines)
1Jun1900-1Jan1901 (Chief Packmaster with Gen Funston's Command at San Isidro, Luzon,Philippines)
1Jan1901-10Sep1907 (Packmaster w/pack trains Presidio of SF/Camp Yosemite)
DEPARTMENT OF INTERIOR (Civilian Personnel Records Center, St Louis)
10Sep1907-19Apr1921 (Park Ranger/Asst Ch Park Ranger Yosemite Nat Park CA)
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16 Aug 1910 - Mariposa County, CA (Voting Precinct Register) "Yosemite Precinct
No.23 ANDREW J. GAYLOR/Age50/Occupation-Ranger/Address-Yosemite/Party Affiliation-Democrat" (Note: Jack fibbed about his age again. He was actually 64)
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1911 - Yosemite National Park (From the Merced Sun Star, dated 1 Mar 1986, Merced, CA) by Leona Lewis, Editor of Living Section
Excerpts: "Horses hit by lightning in 1911 during a thunderstorm near Glacier Point in Yosemite Valley were ordered burned on the spot by the one and only ranger on duty. - - - - - - - In 1911 a party of 10 women and 8 men felt the wrath of Mother Nature in Yosemite and lived to tell the story. The party of 18 sightseers traveled to Yosemite on horseback at a time before blacktop covered its roads and trails.- - - - - -On July 21, 1911, the caravan left the floor of Yosemite Valley - - - - -Just after they crossed Illilouette Creek, they rode by 370 foot Illilouette Falls, and were winding up the hill on a zig-zag trail when they came to a clump of tall pines. - - - - - -A bolt of lightning struck a nearby tree, then went down the trunk to the ground. This bolt either jumped across or passed along the ground. Anyway, it struck 10 mounted animals, killing seven horses and two mules. The riders were not hurt. - - - - the riders were insulated by their leather saddles. - - - -the lightning blew all the shoes off the horses - - - -According to reports, seven horses fell with their hooves and legs pointing to the center of a half circle. - - - - - -their jaws were cracked. - - - - --In 1911 there was only one ranger in Yosemite, JACK GAYLER. Staying with the party for 2 and a half days, he made them pile logs on the horses and burn all of them. Four five-gallon cans of kerosene were used to burn the horses - - - - -"

Yosemite: The Embattled Wilderness
Chapter Seven: Changing of the Guard
Although painful, the method outlined by Major Forsyth at least avoided killing the bears outright. But again the enormity of his request was swallowed by emotion. As long as people considered bears a threat to life and limb, any sign of an animal's real or imagined aggressiveness was bound to occasion a deadly response. Just two years later, for example, Forsyth presented evidence suggesting that his program failed to distinguish between bears acting aggressively and those reacting in self-defense. Ranger Gaylar, assigned to pepper the animals with buckshot, reported that he had killed "perhaps eight or ten bears" in his own self-defense. Under the circumstances, of course, it would have been impossible to determine whether the bears really meant anyone any harm or had simply lashed out at Gaylar's own aggressiveness.----Undoubtedly Ranger Gaylar had overreacted; his response was nonetheless in keeping with current perceptions. Opinions about wildlife were still largely influenced by frontier myths and emotions.

Page 7 from “Protecting Paradise“ by Shirley Sargent
“In a 1948 interview, feisty Elizabeth Meyer, owner of Big Meadow, a cattle ranch 11 miles west of the Valley, supplied a sidelight: “When the military came in, it was “no cats” and all of us had to get rid of them. Then it was “no dogs”. I used to have to put my cats under me in the seat of the buggy so they wouldn’t take them out. Jack Gaylor would come out….he dyed his handlebar mustache black…reminded me of Simon Legree…“You can’t have but one dog” , he would say. But I would pacify him.”

(Letter dated 27 Jan 1988 from Terry Wehrman of YELLOWSTONE NP Wyo to Tim McKinney of Lander, Wyo)
Excerpts: "- - - - -The two articles by your cousin Don were very enjoyable and by chance, I ran into a fellow up here who knows more stories about Jack Gaylor. He is Jerry Mernin, the district park ranger located at the south entrance. Seems he grew up in YOSEMITE NP where his dad was a ranger, and Jack Gaylor was his idol from the stories about him. A mutual friend had a Winchester of Jack's that Jerry coveted, but was never able to obtain as it was given to the park (at Yosemite). Jerry mentioned one story about Jack ordering a car to stop at one of the gates, and when they didn't, he leaped on his horse and upon catching up, shot the tires out on one side. Then to be sure, he rode around the other side and shot out the tires there.- - - - - -"

5 Feb 1916 (Mariposa Gazette, Mariposa County, CA) Yosemite Valley (Weekly News Notes) excerpt: "- - - - - -on the occasion of the fancy dress ball at the Sentinel Hotel. - - - - Such a pageant Yosemite's social life has not seen before. Even the grizzled old veteran ranger, who in his long career has five times been shot, even he, Jack Gaylor, was a part of the gorgeous whole.- - - - - -"

(Geographic Place Names, Yosemite National Park Region) "GAYLOR LAKES - A group of lakes northwest of Tioga Pass. Named for Jack Gaylor, a N.P.S. ranger who died in service April 1921. (From book on Yosemite by Farguhar, page 30) Elevation 10,046, 10,350, 10,600 In a basin separated from Tioga Pass by a 500 ft ridge. "GAYLOR PEAK - Elevation 11, 004. Farguhar, page 30
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Jack Gaylor never returned home to Wyoming after the war and his grown children, who remained in Wyoming, and other relatives in Oklahoma never knew what became of him. His daughter Nora McKinney inquired with the War Department and Red Cross to learn his fate, to no avail. Family tradition also suggests that his son Walter traveled to California after the war to try and locate his father, with no success. They all believed he probably perished during the war or succumbed to some injury or disease in San Francisco after returning from Cuba. He became a "family mystery" and no one knows for sure why he never returned home. They never knew that he later became Asst Chief Park Ranger in Yosemite National Park. He died of a heart attack sitting before his campfire while on a high mountain patrol at the park in 1921, many years after the war, and was buried in the Knights of Pythias section of the Merced, CA cemetery.
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19 Apr 1921 - Yosemite, Mariposa County CA (Death Record)
ANDREW J. GAYLOR, Born Jan 7, 1854 in Texas, 67 years, 3 months, 12 days
Asst Ch Park Ranger, Yosemite National Park; Wife: Elizabeth;
Father: JOHN GAYLOR; Mother: MARTHA SIMPSON
Sudden death without physician. Coronary Embolism. Frederick L. Stein, M.D.
Buried Merced, CA Apr 22, 1921 by Welch & Co Undertakers.
(Don's Note: Jack fibbed about his age through the years, probably to gain employment with the Government. His age in official records ranges from 1846-1860. He claimed to be born in Fannin Co, TX, but was actually born in TN.)

21 Apr 1921 - Merced Morning Sun, Merced, CA (Obituary)
"ASST CHIEF RANGER DIES IN YOSEMITE NATIONAL PARK - A.J. Gaylor, assistant chief ranger in Yosemite National Park, died suddenly at Merced Lakes Tuesday, April 19. The body will be brought to Merced for burial Thursday, April 21, and will be accompanied by Mrs Gaylor who was in Yosemite at the time of his death. The time for the funeral will not be fixed until the arrival of the body in Merced and will be under the auspices of Yosemite Lodge No. 30, Knights of Pythias, Mr Gaylor having been a member of Phoenix Lodge No. 4 of San Francisco."
22 Apr 1921 - Merced Morning Sun, Merced, CA (Funeral Notice)
"GAYLOR FUNERAL TO BE HELD HERE AT 10 A.M. TODAY - Funeral services for A.J. Gaylor, assistant chief ranger in the Yosemite National Park, who died Wednesday at Merced Lakes, will be held here this morning at 10 o'clock at the Chapel of Welch & Griffin, Eighteenth street at M. The services will be in charge of Yosemite Parlor, Knights of Pythias. Mr Gaylor was a member of Phoenix Lodge, San Francisco. Interment will be in Knights of Pythias cemetery."

Jack Gaylor was evidently a very charismatic, colorful, adventurous character and a self made man. He established his intrepid reputation while he was in Wyoming and his personality, one way or another, influenced those around him. Indeed, many of his exploits or adventures perhaps were not recorded or lost in ancient newspapers and publications that have not survived or have not been researched. Mr Stephen Mather, Director of the entire National Parks Service for the Department of Interior at Washington, D.C. during the 1920's, who was well acquainted with Jack Gaylor, sent a telegram to Jack's widow at Yosemite in which he stated:

"You have my sincerest sympahty in your loss, which is also ours. Your husband's fine personality had endeared him to us all. His faithful service of over 14 years will always stand as a splendid record."

(Excerpts from GUARDIANS OF THE YOSEMITE (Copyright 1961): A Story of the First Rangers, by John W. Bingaman) Brief excerpt from his biography of Jack Gaylor: " - - - - He died of a heart ailment at Merced Lake Ranger Station the night of April 19, 1921 while sitting before his campfire. He was on a high mountain patrol and died with his boots on just as he would ha. His last ride was down his favorite trail, across his saddle horse with both ends tied down. - - - -I remember him very well, patrolling the trails, always on the watch for law violators and forest fires. He always carried a 45 Colt revolver, and a Winchester Carbine and rode a fine mule for many years."- - - - - -

(Letter in 1985 from Retired Ranger John Bingaman to Don McKinney)
Brief Excerpt: - - - - - "Jack as I remember was a tall, handsome man, and when you met him, especially while he was on patrol in the saddle, he was man you never forgot, he was that "outstanding". He looked you straight in the eyes and you never forgot just what he was thinking. - - - - He was all for his love of the trails and mountains, always riding the trails, and was on all trails of Yosemite National Park. He was a sight to see - - - - "

Andrew "Jack" Gaylor was representative of the many types of bold, hard working, long forgotten individuals who helped settle the West. To sum up his philosophy of life is the following message, attached to a gift, he gave his son Walter before leaving for the Spanish American War: "Love many, trust few, and always paddle your own canoe."
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Family Traditions: Myth or Reality

My Grandfather, Earl McKinney of Lander, Wyoming, oldest son of "Nora" Gaylor McKinney, told me that his mother was born in "Oklahoma", that her father was from there & was "part Indian". He stated that Nora's mother came from a "plantation in Virginia". He also said they left Oklahoma and settled in California before coming to Wyoming. This tradition as "remembered" by some other relatives in Wyoming claims that "Grandmother McKinney" had enough "Indian" blood to "draw royalties", but her pride would not allow her to do so. Nora always claimed in official records that she was born in Sacramento, California, but told her children that she was born in Oklahoma. Descendants of Nora's sister, Abbie (Gaylor) Rhodes, who also live in Wyoming, claim Abbie was born in Little Rock, Ark. It is believed that their father freighted troughout Indian Territory & Arkansas during the 1870's.

Records exist in Okla (1878-80) in which Nora's uncle "Tom" Gaylor & aunt Sarah Matilda Uhls applied jointly for Cherokee citizenship. These applications were rejected & evidently no substantial "proof" could be offered for their Cherokee roots. They could not prove their Cherokee heritage any more than we can, either because it wasn't true OR possibly because they didn't know the name of their Cherokee ancestor (probably female). It is also very possible this ancestor did not register with the "Eastern tribes" of NC/GA/TN area. Many female Cherokees married white men and mixed in with the white population and did not march to the west (OK & ARK) on the trail of tears during the 1830's. If they didn't register on the various rolls, we will probably never be able to prove Cherokee heritage. If our Gaylor's were part Cherokee, they would have been related to the ones who stayed in the "East". Our Gaylor's were in TN during the 1840's & didn't move "west" (Barry Co MO) until 1853-1854. From there they went on to TX during the late 1850's and didn't get to the Cherokee Nation of Indian Territory (Oklahoma) until 1869.

In later documents, after "Tom" gained citizenship through marriage to a Cherokee woman named Nancy Alberty, there is a suggestion by one witness that "Tom" himself (unofficially) claimed some Cherokee blood. The basic tradition as told by my Grandfather is accurate but the "Indian" part of the tradition can still not be proven. This family tradition of Cherokee heritage may have come from "Tom" Gaylor's marriage to an "Indian" woman and somehow through the generations, became distorted to the claim that Nora Gaylor McKinney herself had Indian heritage when it was her cousins back in Oklahoma who were part Indian. Descendants of these Oklahoma relatives still live there today.

Several of Jack Gaylor's descendants in Wyoming, the children & grandchildren of Nora McKinney & Abbie Rhodes, held the family tradtion that their Grandfather, went off to Cuba during the Spanish American War with TEDDY ROOSEVELT's ROUGH RIDERS & drove the "pack mule trains", but was never heard from again. They thought he had died during the war & daughter Nora claimed, in an official WPA state sponsored biography of her life, that she & sister Abbie as well as their brother Walter Gaylor made every attempt through the War Department & Red Cross to learn his fate.

Actually, Jack Gaylor went off to the Spanish American War with TORREY's ROUGH RIDERS, the 2d U.S. Volunteers which recruited cowboys & adventurers from that area of the west. Teddy Roosevelt commanded another group, the 1st U.S. Volunteers, also called the "Rough Riders" who won all the glory and fame. However, an Oklahoma relative, Perry Clu Gaylor, grandson of Jack's brother "Tom" who remained in Olahoma, "remembered", as it was passed down to him, that their Grandfather's brother was named "SAM" Gaylor and "served under TEDDY ROOSEVELT in the Panama Canal deal" and "looked after the pack mule train". The Oklahoma relatives also thought he had died during the war. "Sam" may have been the nickname of the other brother ABSLOM who is believed to have died in Texas during the Civil War. I can find no record of Sam/Abslom anywhere after the 1860 Texas census. Another of "Tom" Gaylor's grandsons, David Hogue Gaylor, Jr, related to me the tradition, as he "remembered" it, that both of his grandfather's brothers went to Wyoming. Actually, there was only 1 brother who went to Wyoming, the oldest brother, Andrew "Jack" Gaylor.

These younger generations in Wyoming & Oklahoma were not born when these events occured but tended to "remember" things incorrectly as the traditions were passed down to them from older family members. This is typical with most families. But the basic family tradition held by both the Wyo & Okla relatives remains true, that Gaylor ran the "pack mules", disappeared after the war and became a "family mystery". Family documents indicate that the Wyoming and Oklahoma relatives kept in contact during the 1880's and 1890's & even visited each other. After the "disappearance" of "Jack" at the turn of the century and the deaths of his brother "Tom" in 1902 and sister Sarah Matilda years earlier, the younger generations in Wyo & Okla lost contact and never knew about "each other".
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Children of Jack & Sarah Gaylor:

Child 1: LENORA SARAH "NORA" GAYLOR
Born: 19 May 1871 Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory
Married: EDWARD COFFIN McKINNEY 27 Mar 1893 Lander(Fremont) Wyo
Died: 3 Feb 1947 Escondido, CA
Buried: Borners Garden, Lander, Wyo

Child 2: ABIGAIL ANNABELLE GAYLOR
Born: 2 Jun 1875 Ind Terr/Ark
Married: CHARLES WALDON RHODES 6 Oct 1893 Lander(Fremont) Wyo
Died: 14 Oct 1964 Evanston(Unita) Wyo

Child 3: EMMA GAYLOR
Born: 1879 Cheyenne(Laramie) Wyo
Died: 1880 Cheyenne(Laramie) Wyo

Child 4: WALTER MONROE GAYLOR
Born: 12 Jan 1881 Lander(Fremont)Wyo
Married: LILLIAN (Divorced)
Died: 27 Oct 1936 Pasadena, CA
Buried: Borners Garden, Lander, Wyo

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